René Laloux (1973)

Fantastic Planet is a 1973 experimental adult animated science fiction film, directed by RenĂ© Laloux and written by Laloux and Roland Topor, the latter of whom also completed the film’s production design. The film was animated at Jiƙí Trnka Studio in Prague. The film was an international co-production between companies from France and Czechoslovakia. The allegorical story, about humans living on a strange planet dominated by giant humanoid aliens who consider them animals, is based on the 1957 novel Oms en sĂ©rie by French writer Stefan Wul.

Émile Cohl (1908)

Considered by film historians to be the first animated cartoon, The French artist Ă‰mile Cohl created this animated film using what came to be known as traditional animation methods: the 1908 Fantasmagorie. The film largely consisted of a stick figure moving about and encountering all manner of morphing objects, such as a wine bottle that transforms into a flower. There were also sections of live action where the animator’s hands would enter the scene. The film was created by drawing each frame on paper and then shooting each frame onto negative film, which gave the picture a blackboard look. Cohl later went to Fort Lee, New Jersey near New York City in 1912, where he worked for French studio Éclair and spread its animation technique to the US.